Right-of-way is the process NCDOT goes through to obtain the land needed to complete highway projects. This is the last major activity to occur between the completion of design and the release of the project to bidders for construction.
Private Property Acquisition
In many cases, it is inevitable that a certain amount of private property must be acquired. The displacement of homes and businesses is minimized to the extent practicable. In the acquisition of right-of-way, the NCDOT must treat all property owners with impartiality, fully explain all legal rights, pay just compensation in exchange for property rights, furnish relocation assistance and initiate legal action should a settlement not be reached.
For Town Projects this portion is usually an effort of the Engineering and Administration Departments of the Town and the Town Attorney's office.